Purification for prayer (salat) is called wudu (ablution). Without wudu, a salat is not valid.
Steps for preforming wudu 1. Niyat
In your mind a niyat (intention) is made that you are about to preform Wudu.
“Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem”
"In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful”
Wash both hands starting with the right hand up to and including the wrists ensuring no part of the hands are left dry. You may want to rub in between your fingers.
You can wash each hand up to three times.
Take water to your mouth using your right hand and rinse your mouth thoroughly.
Clean your nostrils by bringing water, cupped in the palm of your right hand, up to your nose and inhale a little of the water.
Then use your left hand while blowing out that water and wiping away any residue and rinse the left hand afterwards.
Wash the face from the hair line up to each ear, including the forehead and chin, ensuring that no part of the face is left dry.
If you have a beard take a handful of water and run it through your beard from below the chin.
Wash your right arm (including your wrist and right hand) up to and including the elbow.
Wash your left forearm in a similar manner.
NOTE: Please note that all actions of the wudu may be done once, twice up to three times. Wiping your head and ears can only be done once.
7. Head and Ears
Wet both hands and gently wipe your head from your hairline at the front to the back of your neck and from the neck to your hair line at the front - this is done once.
Then pass the backs of the hands over the back part of the neck only. Hands should not be passed around the fore-neck - this is only done once.
Continuing in the same same movement, using the first fingre of the right and left hands should be moved in to wipe the inside crevices of both ears;, and in the same operation using the thumbs swipe the outside of both ears and ear lobes.
Wash your right foot thoroughly up to and including your ankle. Ensure that no part is left dry. You can rub thoroughly in between your toes. Then wash your left foot in the same manner.
At the end recite:
“Ash-hadu an lailaha
illal lhu wah dahu la shareeka lahu
wa ash hadu anna
Muammadan ‘abduhu wa rasuluah”
“I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone and I testify that Mohammed (PBUH) is His slave and His messenger”
Allahum maj’alni minat
taw wabeen waj ’alni minal -
“O Allah, make me amongst those who repent and make me among those who keep (themselves) pure.
Every part of the skin on the face, forearms and feet must be washed by water for Wudu to have been performed properly.
All steps need to be preformed in the right order;
do not interrupt the Wudu.
If you stop the wudu, you will have to start the steps again.
Ensure your clothing are also clean and free from:
What types of Water can be used
✓ Rain water
✓ Spring, sea or river water
✓ Water of melting snow or hail
✓ Water of a big tank or pond
✓ Water from a well
Wudu is broken (nullified) by the following:
✗ Defecation, passing gas or urination
✗ Deep sleep (while reclining)
✗ Laughing aloud whilst in Salat
✗ Touching the uncovered private parts with bare hands - with sexual thoughts/craving
✗ Blood or pus leaving a wound
✗ Sexual contact with another person (ghusl is required)
✗ Emission of semen (ghusl is required)
Wudu is not required for every prayer; if you are in wudu from fajar and its not been broken, you can preform as many prayers as you can until it is broken. Then it has to be preformed again.
Benefits of Wudu
Besides purifying in preparation for payer, wudu has other benefits including:
Expiration of sins
Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) said:
“When a Muslim, or a belier washes his face (in the course of Wudu), every sin which he committed with his eyes, will be washed away from his face with water, or with the last drop of water; when he washes his hands every sin which is committed by his hands will be effaced from his hands with the water, or with the last drop of water; and when he washes his feet, every sin his feet committed will be washed away with the water, or with the last drop of water; until he finally emerges cleansed of all his sins”
A light for believers on Judgement day
The Believers will be recognised by their traces of Wudu on the day of Judgement. The Prophet (PBUH) said “On the Day of Resurrection, my followers (or Ummah) will be summoned from the traces of Wudu.”
(Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
Ghusl is the washing of the entire body. There are circumstances where Wudu is not sufficient purification for prayer.
After the discharge of semen
After sexual intercourse with one’s spouse (regardless of the fact that ejaculation took place)
After completing the menstrual cycle
After post natal bleeding
How to perform ghusl
Wash both hands.
Wash the private parts with the left hand, and then perform Wudu as normal, until you wipe your head (i.e Wudu). Then wash the rest of the body and finish by washing the feet.
If a Muslim female is making ghusl after the end of her menstruation cycle or Nifass (post natal bleeding), then after the ghusl she should take a piece of cloth perfumed and clean the private parts.
Ghusl has to also be performed on a person who has recently deceased.