Ayat ul Kursi - The Throne Verse

Qur’an Surah Al-Baqara 2-255th  

There are numerous Hadiths about the great virtues of reciting this verse.
اللَّهُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ لاَ تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلاَ نَوْمٌ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِهِ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلاَ يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلاَّ بِمَا شَاءَ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاو ;َاتِ وَالأَرْضَ وَلاَ يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ

Transliteration:

Translation:

“Allah! La ‘Iaha ‘illah HuwaAl-Hayyul-Qayyum 
laata ‘khuzuhoo sinatun wa laa nawm;
lahoo maa fis samaawaati wa maa fil-’ard;
man zal-lazee yashfa’u ‘indahoo ‘illaa bi’iznih;
ya’lamu maa bayna ‘aydeehim wa maa khalfahum wa laa yuheetoona bishay’im-min ‘ilmihee ‘illaa bimaa shaaa’;
wasi’a Kursiyyuhus-samaawaati wal’arda
wa laa ya’ooduhoo hifzuhumaa; wa Huwal-’Aliyyul-’Azeem.”
 (None has the right to be worshiped but He),
(the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists).
 Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never encompass anything of His knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High. the Most Great 
[Translation: Muhsin Khan]

Hadith - Ayat ul Kursi

  • ‘Ali (RA) said:
  • Abu Umaamah (RA)
‘Ali (RA) said:”I heard the Prophet (pbuh) saying while on his pulpit: ‘Whoever reads Aayat ul Kursi, (Quran 2:255), after each obligatory prayer, there is nothing which prevents him from entering Paradise except death, and it is only a righteous and pious worshipper who would persist in reciting it regularly.
Al-Bayhaqi Albaani classified it as authentic, and other scholars classified it as a sound narration.
Abu Umaamah (RA) narrated that:The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Whoever reads “Ayatul-Kursi” [Qur'an 2:255], after every obligatory prayer, nothing prevents him from entering Paradise except death (i.e. that he is still alive)".
(An-Nasaa’ee, Ibn Hibbaan – Sahih)
MEANING:The explanation of this Hadith is that such a person is guaranteed Jannah, Innshaa Allaah. However, this applies as long as that particular person does not commit any major sin without seeking repentance for it. In such a case this guarantee will not apply.

Da'u-e-Qunoot - Standing

There are two types of da'u-e-Qunoot

Qunoot e-Witr (Isha, Witr salat).
Qunoot-e-Nazilah (Fard salat) A collective supplication at the time when the community is facing extreame need (calamity/disaster/misfortune).

Qunoot e-Witr

Qunoot e-witr is not the same as Qunoot e-nazilah because this is a general dua and not a dua made specifically for a calamity and its likes.

Da'u-e-Qunoot is recited in the last rakat of Witr salat,

It is permissible to make the qunoot before going into ruku (bowing), or it may be recited when one stands up straight after the ruku. Humaid said: “I asked Anas, ‘Is the qunut before or after the ruku`?’ He said, ‘We would do it before or after.’” This was related by Ibn Majah and Muhammad ibn Nasr.

If one makes qunoot before the ruku`, one should say “Allahu Akbar” and raise one’s hands to the ears before reciting the supplication, and similarly say “Allahu Akbar” after the qunut, and then bow. This has been related from some Companions. Some scholars hold that it is preferable to raise one’s hands in supplication during the qunut, while others disagree.

As to wiping the face with the hands after the qunut, Al-Baihaqi writes, “It is preferred not to do so and to confine one’s self to what the early generations did. They raised their hands but did not wipe their faces during the Prayer.”

 

Transliteration:

 Translation: 

"Allaahumma ihdini feeman hadayta
wa ‘aafini feeman ‘aafayta
wa tawallani feeman tawallayta
wa baarik li feema a’tayta,
wa qini sharra ma qadayta,
fa innaka taqdi wa la yuqda ‘alayk,
wa innahu laa yadhillu man waalayta wa laa ya’izzu man ‘aadayta,
tabaarakta Rabbana wa ta’aalayta la manja minka illa ilayk"
.

 

"Oh Allaah guide us along with those whom you have guided,
And pardon us along with those who you have pardoned,
Be an ally to us along with those whom you have allied with,
And bless us Oh Allaah with that which you have bestowed upon us,
And save us from the evil of what you have decreed,
For indeed you decree and none can influence you,
And he is not humiliated whom you have befriended, nor is he honoured who is your enemy,
Blessed are you, O Lord and Exalted,
To you is all the Praise on what you have decreed,
We seek your forgiveness Oh Allaah and turn in repentance to you".

Qunoot e-Nazilah

The Prophet (pbuh) offered this du'a at times of calamity on a number of occasions (in fardh salah only), and his du'a was appropriate (or related) to the calamity for which he was praying the Qunoot. For Qunoot e-Nazilah the proven sunnah from Prophet Mohammed (pbuh)  and his sahabas (r.a.a) is that one has to make his qunoot (dua/supplication) specific to the calamity befallen upon the Muslims or the situation and this qunoot (dua) is recited after getting up from the rukoo in the last raka of any or all fardh salat.

Transliteration:

 Translation: 

"Allaahumma inna nasta’eenuka wa nu’minu bika, wa natawakkalu ‘alayka wa nuthni ‘alayka al-khayr, wa laa nakfuruka. Allaahumma iyyaaka na’budu wa laka nusalli wa nasjudu, wa ilayka nas’aa wa nahfid. Narju rahmataka wa nakhsha ‘adhaabaka, inna ‘adhaabaka al-jadd bil kuffaari mulhaq. Allaahumma ‘adhdhib il-kafarata ahl al-kitaab alladheena yasuddoona ‘an sabeelika".

 

"O Allaah, verily we seek Your help, we believe in You, we put our trust in You and we praise You and we are not ungrateful to You. O Allaah, You alone we worship and to You we pray and prostrate, for Your sake we strive. We hope for Your mercy and fear Your punishment, for Your punishment will certainly reach the disbelievers. O Allaah, punish the infidels of the People of the Book who are preventing others from following Your way".

Hadith - Da'u-e-Qunoot

  • ‘Abi Huraira (RA)
  • Muslim
Narrated by Abi Huraira:
The Prophet used to invoke Allah in his prayer, "O Allah! Save 'Aiyash bin Abi Rabi'a and Salama bin Hisham and Al-Walid bin Al-Walid; O Allah! Save the weak among the believers; O Allah! Be hard upon the tribe of Mudar and inflict years (of famine) upon them like the (famine) years of Joseph."
[Ref: Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book no. 85, hadith no. 73]
When he (s.a.w) prayed against some of the Arab tribes because of the severity of their enmity towards Allah and His Messenger, he said:
“O Allaah, punish Mudar severely and send upon them a famine like that of Yoosuf.”
[Ref: Narrated by Muslim (675)]

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