Performing salat


(Note: The associated Arabic text will be released in an updated version of this App in the very near future).



The direction that should always be faced when praying is towards the Qibla (Ka’bah). It is a very important condition of performing salat. There are certain places where the conditions are relaxed, but every effort should be taken to face the right direction (towards the Qibla) .

It is obligatory upon everyone who can actually see the Ka'bah

to face it directly. As for those who cannot actually see it then they should face its direction.


Sutrah (Barrier)

When starting to pray, an object is used by a person performing salat as a barrier between themselves and one passing in-front of them. - this is called a sutrah. It should be a short distance in front of them and it makse no difference whether they are praying in a mosque or elsewhere, nor whether the mosque is large or small.

Ayone passing in front of the person in prayer, should pass on the outside of the sutrah. A cushion, pillow, coat, chair, a pillar, a tree when out door, can all be used as a sutrah. It is compulsory (unless an item cannot be found).

This is because of the all-embracing statement of the Prophet (PBUH) “Do not pray except towards a sutrah, and do not let anyone walk in front of you. So if a person insists (on trying to pass) then fight him, because he has an evil companion along with him,” meaning a devil.



Facing the Qibla, you should make the niyat (intention). This is done in the mind - thinking of what salat you are praying i.e. fard, sunnah or nafil prayers (obligatory, optional or nafil salat). You should not utter the words of niyat aloud.


Positions in salat, intention, standing 


As for expressing that upon the tongue, then it is an innovation (bid'ah), contrary to the sunnah.


Takbir Al-Ihram

Stand straight facing the Qibla with your feet facing forward and slightly apart.




Keeping the feet pointing forward (towards the Qibla and not at an angle.



Direct your head and eyes to your place of prostration then raise your hands up to shoulder level or ear-lobes whilst reciting:

“Allahu Akbar”

“Allah is the Greatest”


“The key to the Prayer is Purification. That which makes outside actions forbidden is the takbir, and that which causes outside actions to become permissible is the tasleem.”

He should not raise his voice in saying the takbeer in any of the

Prayers, unless he is an Imaam (leading others in prayer).


Qiyam (Standing) and supplication


 Positions in performing salat (salah) - Qiyam (standing) and supplication



Place both hands on your chest with the right over the left. Then recite the short du’a (supplication).

He should only place his hands upon his chest. This applies

equally to men and women.

From here on avoid everything that may divert your attention, design or decorations. While standing look towards the place of prostration.

He should not turn to the right or the left, since his turning

aside will be something that Satan snatches away and steals from the person's Prayer.

It is not allowed for him to raise his sight to the sky.



“Subhanaka Allahumma wa

bihamdika wa tabarakasmuka wa

ta ala jadduka wa la ilaha ghayruka”

‘Glory is to You O’ Allah, and praise. Blessed is Your

Name and Exalted is Your Majesty. There is none

worthy of worship but You.’

This du‘a is only said at the beginning of your prayer. Now you are ready to recite Surah Al-Fathiah (The Opening).

This Surah is the first chapter of the Qur’an and it is recited every time we stand in Qiyam. Without it our prayer is void.

Remember that throughout recitations you should be standing in Qiyam. Before reciting anything from the Qur’an, one should start by saying:

“A’udhu Billahi min ash-Shaytanir-Rajeem”

“I seek Allah’s protection from Satan the Outcast”



Surah Fatiha

“Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem”

“In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most


“Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil-alameen

“All praise and thanks are Allah’s, Lord of all the worlds

Ar Rahmanir Raheem

The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Maliki yawmid-deen

The Only Owner of the Day of Recompense

Iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka nasta’een

You alone we worship and You alone we ask for help


Guide us to the Straight Path

Siratal-ladheena an’amta ‘alayhim

The path of those You have bestowed your Grace

Ghayril maghdoobi ‘alayhim walad-dal-leen”

Not the path of those whom have earned Your anger nor those who went astray.”



It is obligatory that the one praying behind an imaam also recites it in 'quiet' Prayers. He should also recite it in 'loud' Prayers if he cannot hear an imaam reciting.

[The Prophets Prayers-Sheikh Nasiruddin-Albani]

Recite any passage from the Qur’an

(This app lets you choose and learn over 40 surahs)



Surah Al-Ikhlas

‘Surah Al-Ikhlas’ (Chapter 112) is not only one of the shortest surahs but it is the greatest.

“Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem”

In The Name Of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

“Qul huwal laahu ahad

“He is Allah, the One and Only;

Allah hus-samad

Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;

Lam yalid wa lam yoolad

He begetteth not, nor is He begotten;

Wa lam yakul-lahu kufuwan ahad”

And there is none like unto Him”

Raising your hands again, up to shoulder level or ear-lobes while palms facing the Qibla, recite the takbir below at the same time.



Allahu Akbar

Allah is the Greatest


Ruku - bowing

Keep your legs and back straight, bend over to touch your knees, try and keep your head level with your back whilst maintaining your gaze at the place of prostration.




He should place his hands firmly upon his knees. He should


spread his fingers, as if he were grasping his knees. All of this is


obligatory. He should stretch out his back and make it level, such that if water were to be poured upon it, then it would settle upon it. This is an obligation. He should neither cause his head to droop lower than his back, nor should he raise it above it. Rather he should make it level with his back. He should keep his elbows (straight and) apart from his sides.



This should be done calmly and not in a hurry. Repeat Tasbih quietly at least 3 times. Can be read (3, 5, 7 etc.) times.

“Subhana Rabbiyal Azeem”

“Glorified is my Lord, The Exalted”





Allahu Akbar 

Allah is the Greatest


Quiyam (standing after ruku)

Raise your head up, slight delay raising your hands and say


“Sami ‘allahu liman hamidah”

“Allah hears those who praises Him”


Now in the upright position raise both hands again and say

Du’as (supplication prayers) in Quiyam


“Rabbna wa lakal-hamd”

“O’ our Lord! All praise belongs to You”


OR recite 

“Rab-bana lakal-hamdan


Kathereran tayyiban mubarakan fee”

“O our Lord, all praises be to you, 

Very many, pure and blessed praises be to you”

Place both hands down as you prepare to go in to the next position and say


“Allahu Akbar” 

“Allah is the Greatest”

First sajdah (prostration)

The body parts that need to touch the ground are both hands, knees, the forehead, the tip of your nose and the bottom of your toes. Bring your feet together. Ensure your arms are not jutting out, where by you would be distrubing the person next to you. This is Sajdah (prostration).


Positions during salat and prayer - Sajdah Prostration


Never let your forearms rest on the ground.


prostration incorrect correct methods


Try your best to keep your fingers, thumbs and toes pointed towards the Qibla.


incorrect and correct finguer placement during prostration


During the sajdah recite the following

x 3 times or more (5, 7, 9 etc)

“Subhana Rabbiyal A’la”

“Glorified is my Lord, The Most High”

Other Du’as in sajdah

“Allah hum maghfirlee zanbee kul-lahu diq-qahu,

wa jil-lau aw-walahu wa akhirahu,

wa’ala niy-yatahu wa sir-rahu”

“O Allah, Forgive all my sins, minor ones and major ones,

Ones I committed previously and

Ones I commit in the future.

Ones I commit openly

And ones I commit secretly”.


“Allahu Akbar”

“Allah is the Greatest”

As you rise up into the sitting position known as


Jalsah (sitting between sajdah)

Place both hands on your thighs, sit on your left foot and keep your right vertical to the ground while it’s toes point towards the Qibla.

 Positions in salat, sitting-after-sajdah


Sit on your left foot and keep your right foot vertical to the ground while it’s toes point towards the Qibla.




Place both hands on your knees, finguer tips resting just above the knees - finguers towards the Qibla.




During the brief pause, recite the following 

3 times

“Rabbigh fir lee”

“My Lord forgive me”

Recite and prostrate again

Allahu Akbar

Allah is the Greatest

Return to Sajdah, and reciting again repeat Tasbih quietly 3 times

“Subhana Rabbiyal A’la”

“Glorified is my Lord, The Most High”

After completing the second rakat, say

“Allahu Akbar” and sit back up (in Jalsa)

Briefly either return to the same seating position as between sajdah.


The first Rakat is now complete. To continue the prayer, you need to do the second rakat (return to point A above) .

Then he gets up, supporting himself upon the ground with

his fists clenched, like one who clenches his fists when kneading

dough. So he stands up for the second rakat.He should make the second rakat shorter than the first rakat.


After completing the second rakat continue below.

Return to the same seating position as between sajdah. However it is not allowed to sit upon the two heels for this sitting.

This time point your right index finger forward and connect the tips of your thumb and middle finger. While pointing the index finger towards the Qibla agitate it, keep doing so while reciting Tashahhud till the end.




Tashahhud (Declaration of faith)

“At-Tahiyatu Lillahi Was Salawatu Wa


“All compliments, prayers and pure words due to Allah”

“As-Salaamu ‘alayka ayyuhan-Nabiyyu

wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu”

“Peace be upon you O Prophet and the mercy and blessings of Allah”

“As-Salaamu ‘alayna wa ’alaa ‘ibaad-Illahis-Saaliheen”

“Peace be upon us, and on the righteous slaves of Allah”

“Ash-hadu an laa ilaha illallah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ’abduhu wa rasooluhu”

“I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah,

and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger”




If the prayer is only two rakat (like Fajr) then continue with Durood below:

“Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala aali

Muhammadin kamaa salayta ‘ala Ibrahim wa ‘ala aali

Ibrahim innaka Hameedun Majeed”

“O Allah, send peace upon Muhammad and upon the

family of Muhammad, as You sent peace upon Ibrahim

and upon the family of Ibrahim, You are indeed Worthy

of Praise, Full of Glory.”

“Allahumma Barrik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala aali

Muhammadin kamaa barakta ‘ala Ibrahim wa ‘ala aali

Ibrahim innaka Hameedun Majeed”

“O Allah, send blessings upon Muhammad and upon

the family of Muhammad, as You sent blessings upon

Ibrahim and upon the family of Ibrahim, You are indeed, Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory.”

If the Prayer is more than two rakat (e.g. Dhur, Asar, Isha) then recite Durood after the last rakat.

Please remember that during the 3rd and 4th rakat you should recite ‘Surah al Fathiah’ only (in silence)

After Durood - there are a numerous Du’as (supplication prayer) which Prophet (PBUH) use to recite: Below are two of them.

Note: that any acceptable Du’a is permitted to be recited. A vast number of people from the Asian subcontinent recite ‘Rab bij ’alnee’ but is not one of the one’s that Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) used to read.

“Allahumma inni zalamtu nafsi zulman kathiran, wa la yaghfirudh- dhunuba illa Anta, faghfir li maghfiratan min ‘indika, warhamni, innaka Antal-Ghafur-ur-Rahim”

O Allah! I have considerably wronged myself.

There is none to forgive the sins but You.

So grant me pardon and have mercy on me. You are the Most Forgiving, the Most Compassionate


“Allahumma atina fid-dunya hasanatan, wa fil-akhirati hasanatan, wa qina ‘adhab-annar”

O our Rubb! give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the punishment of the Fire






After completing the second Tashahhud, look to your right and say:

“As-Salaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah”

“Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you”

And then look to the left and say:

“As-Salaam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah”

“Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you”


The salat (prayer) is complete!

It may seem difficulty at first but after a while it becomes easier to remember